11 Differences and Comparision of Bacterial and Plant Cell | Bacterial Cell v/s Plant Cell

The major difference between plant and bacterial cell is— plant cell contains membrane-bound organelles whereas bacterial cell lacks membrane-bound organelles. This separates both types of cells into the prokaryotic (bacterial) and eukaryotic cells (plant).

Both types of cells contain a cell wall and cell membrane the only difference between the cell wall and cell membrane of bacterial and plant cells are of compositions.

S.No.Bacterial CellPlant Cell
1.Its cytoplasm does not exhibit streaming movement.Its cytoplasm exhibit streaming movement.
2.Its cytoplasm lacks membrane-bound organelles like Mitochondria, Plastids, and Endoplasmic ReticulumIts cytoplasm contains organelles like Mitochondria, Plastids, and Endoplasmic Reticulum.
3.There is no well-defined nucleus. It only contains one chromosome which is ring-shaped and is embedded in the center of the cell cytoplasm.There is a well-defined nucleus having numerous chromosomes.
4.In the green bacterial cell, photosynthetic pigments are found in mesosomes.In-plant cells, photosynthetic pigments are found in the chloroplast.
5.It lacks a nuclear membrane.It contains a nuclear membrane.
6.Generally, they have no vacuoles.Vacuoles are present.
7.Some of the bacterial cells have flagella and sex pili.They have no flagella and sex pili.
8.Have both autotrophic and heterotrophic modes of nutrition.Have only autotrophic mode of nutrition.
9.Have both aerobic and anaerobic modes of respiration.Have only aerobic mode of respiration.
10.They have both sexual and asexual modes of reproduction.They have both sexual and asexual modes of reproduction.
11.During sexual reproduction, only a little part of the chromosome of the male is transferred to the female cell.During sexual reproduction, the nucleus of the male gamete fuses with the nucleus of the female gamete.
Difference between the bacterial cell and plant cell

Leave a Comment